Prediabetes - The Bittersweet Reality

Date: 04/05/2023

What Is Prediabetes?

Prediabetes is a ”pre-diagnosis” of diabetes-you can think of it as a warning sign. It’s when your blood glucose level (blood sugar level) is higher than normal, but it’s not high enough to be considered diabetes. Prediabetes is an indication that you could  develop type 2 diabetes if you don’t make some lifestyle changes.

Symptoms Of Prediabetes

Prediabetes has no clear symptoms. Some people may experience conditions that are associated with insulin resistance, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome and acanthosis nigricans, which involves the development of dark, thick and often velvety patches of skin. This discolouration usually occurs around the: elbows, knees, neck, armpits knuckles

Risk factors: The same factors that increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes increase the risk of developing prediabetes. These factors include:

How To Check Prediabetes?

Pre-diabetes can be checked using the HbA1c, Fasting glucose test or the Oral Glucose tolerance test.   An A1C between 5.7 per cent and 6.4 per cent suggests prediabetes while a fasting glucose test result between 100 and 125 mg/dL is diagnostic for prediabetes. For the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) if your blood sugar is between 140 and 199 mg/dL, your doctor will diagnose prediabetes.

The guidelines for testing blood sugar are based on diabetes risk. If you have any of the risk factors, you should get the test done once. If it’s normal, get it done again in three years. But if you have prediabetes or if you’re a woman who had gestational diabetes during pregnancy, then testing your blood sugar levels every year is recommended. Your doctor will advise you on how often you should check your blood sugar level.

What is the Glycaemic Index?

Glycaemic Index is really a ranking system of carbohydrate foods based on how they affect blood glucose levels. Carbohydrate foods are assigned a number between 0 and 100 based on that effect. A Glycaemic Index of 70 or more is high; a Glycaemic Index of 56 to 69 inclusive is medium, and a Glycaemic Index of 55 or less is low. High-Glycaemic Index foods tend to be unhealthy, especially if you have diabetes or prediabetes. In prediabetes, a diet with lowGI is best for most people. The best way to find out what works for you is by checking your blood glucose and noticing how you feel after eating food, to see how it affects you personally.

Here are some suggestions to control prediabetes:

Need more information on diabetes and its related diseases? Ask Anya! Chat with Anya Bot here via Facebook and get more information on diabetes management.